Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA, formerly Churg-Strauss syndrome) is the least frequent antineutrophil cytoplasm antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV). Major advances of our knowledge on its pathophysiology have revealed features of both AAV and eosinophilic disorders. The development of targeted biotherapies for both diseases opened new possibilities for EGPA management. In this review, we highlight the rationale underlying the routine treatment strategy, which relies mainly on corticosteroids, with immunosuppressant adjunction for severe disease. However, novel therapies are still needed for refractory/relapsing disease and to alleviate the corticosteroid-dependence of asthma and chronic rhinosinusitis. At present, the most promising biotherapies target either eosinophil biology, like mepolizumab, an anti-interleukin-5, or the B-cell compartment, with rituximab. Recent clinical data on new treatment options are discussed and therapeutic strategies are proposed.
Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.