Osteoporosis (OP) is a metabolic bone disease in which that volume of bone tissue per unit volume decrease, which is a common disease disturbing the elderly or postmenopausal women. Rhizoma Drynariae (RD) is a kind of herb widely used in thousands of years of clinical practice in China to tonify kidney and prevent osteoporosis, with reliable curative effect. However, the mechanism of its anti-osteoporosis action is still unclear. This study is dedicated to exploration the therapeutic effect of RD on retinoic acid solution-induced OP model rats based on high-throughput metabolomics technology platform, and reveal its influence on metabolomics level, so as to find effective potential biomarkers and therapeutic targets for diagnosing OP. OP model was established by intragastric administration of retinoic acid solution for 21 days, and then the treatment group was treated by intragastric administration of RD solution for 60 days. Blood samples of all groups were collected and analyzed based on UPLC-MS metabolomics and combined with EZinfo 3.0 data analysis, 32 potential biomarkers were identified, including 22 in ESI+ and 10 in ESI-, these biomarkers are related to 9 metabolic pathways. After treatment with RD solution, 21 biomarkers were obviously regulated, these mainly affected linoleic acid metabolic, glycerophospholipid metabolism and arachidonic acid metabolism pathway. The results show that RD can reduce the risk of OP disease, which may be related to the metabolic pathway mentioned above, and provides the foundation for the administer prophylaxis and treatment of OP with natural products.Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.