Endovascular repair of complex abdominal and thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms have been performed widely in an increasing number of centers, utilizing custom-manufactured or physician-modified stent grafts containing fenestrations and side-arm branches for visceral and renal artery incorporation. Alternatively, inner branch configurations may be useful in complex anatomy, where application of fenestrations or side-arm branches can be challenging. Our study aims to evaluate the incidence of target vessel instability when incorporated with inner branch configurations, and report clinical outcomes of patients who underwent fenestrated/branched endovascular aortic repairs (F-BEVAR) containing one or more inner branches.
We reviewed patients who underwent F-BEVAR with at least one inner branch configuration for complex abdominal or thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms at Keck Hospital of University of Southern California from 2014 to 2020. Endpoints were mortality, major adverse events (MAE), technical success, and target vessel instability. Target vessel instability was assessed using follow-up computed tomography (CT) and duplex imaging.
Of the 175 patients who underwent F-BEVAR for complex abdominal and TAAA during the study period, 17 patients had at least one inner branch configuration. All were deemed high-risk for open repair with multiple cardiovascular and/or pulmonary comorbidities. Eight (47%) patients had extent I, II, III thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms, and 10 (59%) had prior aortic repairs. A total of 68 target vessels were incorporated (mean=4 vessels/patient, range=1∼6), of which 40% were inner branch configurations, most commonly for renal arteries. Technical success was 94.1%. There was one perioperative mortality due to massive myocardial infarction, as well as one patient who needed temporary hemodialysis. No device-related mortalities were observed. At 30 days, primary inner branch patency was 100% with no target vessel instability or reintervention. At mean follow-up of 5.8 months, the overall survival was 94% with one patient who expired from unknown cause. Overall primary inner branch patency was 96.3%, due to occlusion of a long lumbar artery branch with no clinical sequelae.
Inner branch configurations can provide a safe alternative technique of branch incorporation during complex endovascular aortic repair.

Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier Inc.