To characterize real-world prescribing patterns and their clinical and healthcare resource utilization (HRU) implications in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) treated in Germany.
Eligible individuals were enrolled in the “Bundesverband der Betriebskrankenkassen” claims database and received targeted mRCC therapy between 1 January 2008 and 31 December 2016. Prescribing patterns and HRU were characterized by treatment line and summarized by descriptive statistics. Proxy progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were estimated using Kaplan-Meier curves.
536 patients receiving mRCC treatment were included. The median treatment duration was 4.2 months (interquartile range [IQR]: 1.7-9.3) for first-line therapy and 3.8 months (IQR: 1.7-9.1) for second-line therapy. Median PFS and OS estimates were similar for the first- and second-line treatments: PFS, 7.4 versus 7.2 months; OS, 14.9 versus 13.6 months. Mean HRU costs were higher for patients receiving first-line therapy (€7,253.2) compared with those receiving second-line therapy (€6,242.9). Exploratory stratification of outcomes by centre expertise suggested a possible trend towards improved OS in the 10 most experienced centres versus all -others: first-line, 18.4 versus 13.2 months; second-line, 16.4 versus 12.4 months.
In routine care, German clinicians make rational prescribing decisions; possible variations in outcomes between centres warrant further investigation.

© 2020 S. Karger AG, Basel.