To determine whether a history of previous Cesarean delivery (CD) impacts uterine artery (UtA) Doppler indices throughout pregnancy. Women with and without CD (NCD) were prospectively enrolled for sequential assessments of the UtA mean/median pulsatility index (UtA-PI), resistance index (UtA-RI), and systolic/diastolic ratio (UtA-S/D) at 11-13 + 6, 14-19 + 6, 30-34 + 6, and 35-37 + 6 weeks’ gestation. Data from 269/269, 246/257, 237/254, and 219/242 CD/NCD participants from each gestational period were available for analysis. Multiples of the median (MoMs) of UtA Doppler indices showed biphasic temporal (Δ) pattern; with an initial dropping until the second trimester, then a subsequent elevation until late in pregnancy (p  0.05). Mixed-effects modelling ruled out effects from nulliparity (n = 0 and 167 for CD and NCD, respectively) (p > 0.05). History of CD neither influenced the measurements nor the temporal changes of the UtA Doppler indices throughout pregnancy. The biphasic Δs of UtA Doppler indices added to the longitudinal data pool, and may aid in future development of a more personalized prediction using sequential/contingent methodologies, which may reduce the false results from the current cross-sectional screening.
© 2022. The Author(s).