The study was a cross-sectional study using a survey that was distributed to participants during their regularly scheduled visits to a public sector provider of health care for low-income patients.
Of the 176 participants surveyed, 70 (40%) were using AST. Esophagitis and gastroesophageal reflux disease were the most prevalent in our sample population. PPIs were the most common acid suppression medication used in our population. Of those using PPIs, 85% were never instructed to cease use. Of the 27 patients with PPI prescriptions, 26 used it in a suboptimal manner, and of those without prescriptions, 7 used it in a suboptimal manner.
ASTs are prevalent in low-income populations, and patients are not being managed appropriately to minimize their risk for complications of AST.