Several vaccines are recommended in HIV-infected patients due to an increased risk of vaccine-preventable infections, severe forms of the disease, or shared transmission routes. Few data are available regarding vaccination coverage and its determinants in this population.
A cross-sectional study was performed in HIV-infected patients included in a hospital-based cohort in 2011. Vaccination coverage against hepatitis A virus (HAV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), seasonal and A(H1N1)2009 pandemic influenza, and invasive pneumococcal diseases (IPD) were recorded. Factors associated with vaccination were assessed by multivariate logistic regression.
2467 patients were included (median age: 47 years; male gender 71.5%; men having sex with men (MSM): 43.9%; CDC stage C: 24.3%; HBV and/or hepatitis C virus co-infection: 14.4%). Median duration of HIV infection was 10 years and 93.1% of patients received combination antiretroviral therapy. At baseline, the median CD4 count was 527 cells/mm(3) and HIV viral load was 200/mm(3) and HIV-RNA <50 copies/mL (IPD, influenza), longer duration of HIV infection (IPD, influenza), and follow-up by an experienced physician (HBV, IPD).
Vaccination coverage remained insufficient for all vaccine-preventable infections investigated in this study. Determinants for vaccination were largely not evidence-based, and efforts should be focused on improving physicians’ knowledge about guidelines.

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