Vitamin D (25OHD), interleukin 1β, interleukin 6 and interleukin 17 concentrations of twenty-five volunteers with MS were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Bone mineral density and body composition assessment was performed by dual energy X-Ray absorptiometry.
A mean concentration of 17.3 ± 4.6 ng/ml of 25OHD was obtained, in a range of 5.15 to 25.71 ng/ml; when international advisory bodies thresholds were applied 76% of the participants exhibited some degree of VD inadequacy. Pro-inflammatory markers were detectable among the participants: interleukin 1β in 100%, interleukin 6 in 64%, whereas interleukin 17 was found in 24% of the volunteers. Bone mineral density below the expected for the age was found in 8% of the participants, with lumbar spine as the most affected anatomic region. Non-significant correlations were found between VD and bone mineral density (Z-score) or pro-inflammatory markers.
Although non-significant correlations were found between VD and bone mineral density or cytokines, it is important to highlight that an important percentage of our participants exhibited some degree of VD inadequacy, an unknown fact for them, since these are not included in routine clinical evaluations. The low concentrations of VD among this sample regardless of annual UVB sun exposure may suggest the involvement of endogenous and not environmental factors. Further works are needed in order to deepen the physiological causes and effects of VD deficiency in people with MS.
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