A total of 132 patients who underwent endoscopic evaluation during CR were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical and endoscopic activity was measured using a simple clinical colitis activity index (SCCAI) and Mayo endoscopic subscore (MES). ER was defined as MES 0 or 1.
In UC patients in CR, the CRP level was significantly lower in ER (0.05, 0.03-2.57) vs. non-ER (0.14, 0.03-2.81) (p < 0.001). The CRP value predicted ER [area under the curve (AUC = 0.710)] with a sensitivity of 71.4% and a specificity of 71.7% at a cut-off value of 0.09 mg/dL. In contrast, the value of normal CRP (< 0.3 mg/dL) did not show sufficient predictive value (sensitivity, 27.3%; and specificity, 90.9%).
In UC patients in CR, it may be helpful to lower the CRP cut-off value that predict ER other than 0.3 mg/dL, which is usually considered normal.