Although ovarian cancer is the leading cause of death from gynecological malignancies, there are still some issues that hamper accurate interpretation of the complexity of cellular and molecular events underlying the pathophysiology of this disease. One of these is cellular senescence, which is the process whereby cells irreversibly lose their ability to divide and develop a phenotype that fuels a variety of age-related diseases, including cancer. In this review, various aspects of cellular senescence associated with intraperitoneal ovarian cancer metastasis are presented and discussed, including mechanisms of senescence in normal peritoneal mesothelial cells; the role of senescent mesothelium in ovarian cancer progression; the effect of drugs commonly used as first-line therapy in ovarian cancer patients on senescence of normal cells; mechanisms of spontaneous senescence in ovarian cancer cells; and, last but not least, other pharmacologic strategies to induce senescence in ovarian malignancies. Collectively, this study shows that cellular senescence is involved in several aspects of ovarian cancer pathobiology. Proper understanding of this phenomenon, particularly its clinical relevance, seems to be critical for oncology patients from both therapeutic and prognostic perspectives.Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Ltd.