The aim was to explore whether baseline total lesion glycolysis (TLG) can improve the prognostic value of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network International Prognostic Index (NCCN-IPI) in primary gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (PG-DLBCL) patients treated with an R-CHOP-like regimen.
Ninety-four PG-DLBCL patients who underwent baseline PET/CT between July 2010 and May 2019 were included in this retrospective study. FDG-avid lesions in each patient were segmented to calculate the SUVmax, total metabolic tumor volume (TMTV), and TLG. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were used as end points to evaluate prognosis.
During the follow-up period of 5 to 108 months (35.3 ± 23.5 months), high TLG and a high NCCN-IPI were significantly associated with poor PFS and OS. Total lesion glycolysis and the NCCN-IPI were independent predictors of PFS and OS. Patients were stratified into 3 groups according to the combination of TLG and the NCCN-IPI for PFS (P < 0.001) and OS (P 1159.1 and NCCN-IPI 4-8) (PFS and OS, 57.7% and 61.5%, respectively, n = 42), intermediate-risk group (TLG > 1159.1 or NCCN-IPI 4-8) (PFS and OS, both 76.9%, n = 26), and low-risk group (TLG ≤ 1159.1 and NCCN-IPI 0-3) (PFS and OS, 97.6% and 100.0%, respectively, n = 26).
Both TLG and the NCCN-IPI are independent predictors of PG-DLBCL patient survival. Moreover, the combination of TLG and the NCCN-IPI improved patient risk stratification and might help personalize therapeutic regimens.