Onset delay of current antidepressants is always the most significant limitation for the treatment of depression. More attention has been given to the glutamate acid system for developing fast-onset antidepressants. Xenon, acting as a well-known N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors antagonist, has been widely used clinically as anesthetics and was reported to exert antidepressant-like effects in rats under normal condition. The robust and rapid-acting antidepressant- and anxiolytic-like activities of xenon through the use of depression rodent model are still elusive. By using lipopolysaccharide-induced depression mice models, the present study aimed to evaluate the fast-acting antidepressant-like effects of xenon pretreatment. Behavioral tests, mainly including open-field test, novelty-suppressed feeding test, sucrose preference test, tail suspension test, and forced swimming test, were conducted respectively. Our results showed that both xenon gas and xenon-rich saline pretreatment intraperitoneally produced significant antidepressant- and anxiolytic-like activities in mice under normal condition. Further, xenon gas pretreatment (intraperitoneally) rapidly blocked lipopolysaccharide-induced depression- and anxiety-like behaviors of mice. These findings provide direct evidence that xenon could produce fast-onset antidepressant- and anxiolytic-like activities, which highlights the possibility to develop xenon as a promising fast-acting drug for treatment of depression, anxiety, and even other stress-related diseases.
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- ACC 2020The American College of Cardiology decided to cancel ACC.20/WCC due to COVID-19, which was scheduled to take place March 28-30 in Chicago. However, ACC.20/WCC Virtual Meeting continues to release cutting edge science and practice changing updates for cardiovascular professionals on demand and free through June 2020.
- Psych Congress 2019The annual Psych Congress, held in San Diego, California, from October 3-6, 2019, brings together members of the entire mental health team, including psychiatrists, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, psychologists, and primary care physicians, with experts in mental health to improve patient outcomes through education.