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Hepatitis

Clinical performance evaluation of Elecsys HIV Duo, Anti-HCV II, HBsAg II, Anti-HBc II, and Syphilis assays for routine screening of first-time blood donor samples at a French blood donation center.

Jul 05, 2021

- Implementing fully automated analyzers has become a crucial safety step in blood donation centers. The Elecsys® assays were evaluated on the cobas e 801 module (Roche Diagnostics) for routine first...

An assessment of hepatitis B virus prevalence in South African young blood donors born after the implementation of the infant hepatitis B virus immunization program: Implications for transfusion safety.

Jul 01, 2021

The prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen is estimated to be 6.7% in the South African population and in April 1995 the nation introduced universal hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccination for newborns...

Symptoms and Functioning Improve after Chronic Hepatitis C Cure as Assessed by the Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale and PROMIS Measures.

Jul 01, 2021

The benefits of chronic hepatitis C viral (HCV) cure on various aspects of patients' health experiences may be under-appreciated. The aim of this study was to conduct an in-depth evaluation of change ...

Episode of Hepatitis C viral infection in the people of Swat, Pakistan.

Jun 28, 2021

Infectious agents cause serious diseases in humans worldwide and are responsible for the high rate of morbidity and mortality. The prevalence and epidemiology of infectious disease (HCV) in the hospit...

[Epidemiological characteristics of infectious diseases of group A, B and C among Chinese students' population].

Jun 24, 2021

To analyze the secular trend, ranking change, age- and regional- characteristics of leading infectious diseases among Chinese students population aged 6 to 22 years from 2008 to 2017.Data were drawn f...

Sero-molecular epidemiology of hepatitis E virus in pigs and human contacts in Ghana.

Jun 24, 2021

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is among the leading causes of viral hepatitis in most developing countries. Zoonotic acquisition of HEV genotype 3 from swine has come into focus more recently. Available stud...

Examining Why Patients With Chronic Hepatitis C Drink Alcohol

Jun 23, 2021

The burden of chronic liver disease in the United States is substantial, affecting about 4.5 million American adults, according to recent data. The end result of chronic liver disease is cirrhosis, wh...

Opportunities to enhance linkage to hepatitis C care among hospitalised people with recent drug dependence in New South Wales, Australia: A population-based linkage study.

Jun 14, 2021

People who inject drugs are at greater risk of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and hospitalisation, yet admissions are not utilised for HCV treatment initiation. We aimed to assess the extent to whi...

Hepatitis C virus screening of high-risk patients in a community hospital emergency department: Retrospective review of patient characteristics and future implications.

Jun 14, 2021

Chronic hepatitis C virus infection (HCV) is a common infectious disease that affects more than 2.7 million people in the US. Because the emergency department (ED) can present an ideal opportunity to ...

Hepatitis B infections among blood donors in England between 2009 and 2018: Is an occult hepatitis B infection a risk for blood safety?

Jun 14, 2021

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is one of the most frequent infections identified in blood donors in England and represents an ongoing blood safety risk. We have analyzed markers of HBV infections in blood do...

A Vulnerability Assessment for a Future HIV Outbreak Associated With Injection Drug Use in Illinois, 2017-2018.

Jun 10, 2021

The current opioid crisis and the increase in injection drug use (IDU) have led to outbreaks of HIV in communities across the country. These outbreaks have prompted country and statewide examination i...

Hepatocellular Carcinoma & HIV

Jun 09, 2021

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fourth most prevalent cause of cancer-related death worldwide, and incidence in the US has tripled in the last 4 decades. Comorbidity with HIV complicates an alre...

Detection of Antibodies against Hepatitis A Virus (HAV) by a Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) Biosensor: A New Diagnosis Tool Based on the Major HAV Capsid Protein VP1 (SPR-HAVP1).

Jun 07, 2021

Hepatitis A (HA) is an acute human infectious disease caused by a positive single-stranded RNA virus (HAV). It is mainly acquired through the fecal-oral route and is primarily spread by contact betwee...

Production of first- and second-generation ethanol for use in alcohol-based hand sanitizers and disinfectants in India.

Jun 07, 2021

Emergence of "severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)" causing "COVID-19" or "coronavirus disease 19" as pandemic has got worldwide attention towards hygiene as the first line of...

Seroprevalence of Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Human Immunodeficiency Virus, syphilis, and malaria among blood donors at tertiary care hospital blood bank.

Jun 03, 2021

To ascertain the frequency of markers of transfusion-transmitted infections among blood donors in a tertiary care setting.The retrospective cross-sectional descriptive study, was conducted in the Bloo...

SIGLEC-3 (CD33) serves as an immune checkpoint receptor for HBV infection.

Jun 03, 2021

Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) infection is rarely eradicated by current antiviral nucleos(t)ide analogues. We found that α2,6-biantennary sialoglycans of HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) bound human SIGLEC-3 ...

Needs for an Integration of Specific Data Sources and Items - First Insights of a National Survey Within the German Center for Infection Research.

May 31, 2021

State-subsidized programs develop medical data integration centers in Germany. To get infection disease (ID) researchers involved in the process of data sharing, common interests and minimum data requ...

Overview of drug induced liver injury in Brazil: What is the role of public health policy on the evidence?

May 31, 2021

Adverse drug reactions are responsible for increased costs and morbidity in the health system. Hepatotoxicity can be induced both by non-prescription drugs and by those used for chronic diseases. It i...

Linking criminal justice-involved individuals to HIV, Hepatitis C, and opioid use disorder prevention and treatment services upon release to the community: Progress, gaps, and future directions.

May 27, 2021

Improving HIV and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) management among people involved in the criminal justice (CJ) system who use drugs, in particular those with opioid use disorder (OUD), requires effective app...

Hepatitis B virus genotypes in Brazil: Introduction and dissemination.

May 27, 2021

Hepatitis B is a viral infectious disease highly spread worldwide with a long evolutionary history associated with human migrations through the continents and countries. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) was di...