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ADHD/ADD

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and associated learning difficulties among primary school children in district Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India.

May 23, 2022

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a considerably common childhood-onset neurodevelopmental disorder, often associated with socio-behavioral and academic difficulties. There is an incr...

Developmental profiles of children at risk for autism spectrum disorder at school entry.

May 23, 2022

Functional abilities in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are highly heterogenous, and impairments can overlap with non-ASD neurodevelopmental disorders. We compared the profiles of childre...

Differences in Meaning of Occupations Between Children With and Without Neurodevelopmental Disorders.

May 16, 2022

Engaging children in meaningful occupations is a means of improving their participation. The objective of this study is to assess differences in dimensions of meaning of occupations-challenge, value, ...

Parental Occupational Exposure and Neurodevelopmental Disorders in Offspring: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

May 09, 2022

Parental occupational exposures might be associated with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) in offspring. We aimed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to summarize and synthesize the cur...

Shared and unique effects of long-term administration of methylphenidate and atomoxetine on degree centrality in medication-naïve children with attention-deficit /hyperactive disorder.

May 09, 2022

Although methylphenidate (MPH) and atomoxetine (ATX) can improve clinical symptoms and functional impairments in attention deficit/hyperactive disorder (ADHD), the underlying psychopharmacological mec...

Identification of factors associated with the efficacy of atomoxetine in adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

May 02, 2022

Atomoxetine (ATX) is a non-central stimulant and a standard treatment for adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The long-term efficacy of Atomoxetine is about 40% at 6 months. The v...

Assessment of Population Well-being With the Mental Health Quotient: Validation Study.

Apr 25, 2022

The Mental Health Quotient (MHQ) is an anonymous web-based assessment of mental health and well-being that comprehensively covers symptoms across 10 major psychiatric disorders, as well as positive el...

Identifying Pediatric Mood Disorders From Transdiagnostic Polygenic Risk Scores: A Study of Children and Adolescents.

Apr 25, 2022

Mood disorders often co-occur with attention-deficit/hyperactive disorder (ADHD), disruptive behavior disorders (DBDs), and aggression. We aimed to determine if polygenic risk scores (PRSs) based on ...

Associations between Omega-3 Index, Dopaminergic Genetic Variants and Aggressive and Metacognitive Traits: A Study in Adult Male Prisoners.

Apr 18, 2022

Omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LCPUFA) are critical for cell membrane structure and function. Human beings have a limited ability to synthesise docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), the mai...

Experiences of sexual assault and rape among college students with disabilities.

Apr 11, 2022

The study examined sexual victimization among college students with disabilities ( = 187) using an online survey at a large southern university. Students reported one or multiple disabilities: ph...

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity and obsessive-compulsive symptoms in adult patients with primary restless legs syndrome.

Apr 11, 2022

Comorbidity between Restless Legs Syndrome and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder remains a matter of debate. This putative association, possibly reflecting a shared brain iron homeostasis and d...

Stability Analysis of fMRI BOLD Signals for Disease Diagnosis.

Apr 04, 2022

Previous studies have demonstrated that the stability changes in physiological signals can reflect individuals' pathological conditions. Apart from this, according to system science theory, a large-sc...

The Use of Mobile Games in the Management of Patients With Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder: A Scoping Review.

Mar 28, 2022

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder associated with significant morbidity. Current treatment approaches consist of a mixture of pharmacological and ...

Time to Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorders in Children with Coexisting Developmental Behavioral Disorders.

Mar 07, 2022

Our study evaluates whether having an alternate developmental behavioral disorder (DBDs) diagnosis before diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is associated with delays in diagnosis in a natio...

Case Report: Mechanisms in Misdiagnosis of Autism as Borderline Personality Disorder.

Feb 28, 2022

Autistic individuals without intellectual disabilities are sometimes not diagnosed until adolescence/adulthood. Due to increased risk of co-occurring mental health problems, these individuals may init...

[Care for patients with traumatic brain injury].

Feb 21, 2022

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) as well as Attention Deficit Disorder with or without hyperactivity (ADHD) are very common problems that affect children. It is known that patients who suffer a traumatic ...

Prescribed medicine use and extent of off-label use according to age in a nationwide sample of Australian children.

Feb 21, 2022

Medicine prescribing for children is impacted by a lack of paediatric-specific dosing, efficacy and safety data for many medicines.To estimate the prevalence of medicine use among children and the rat...

Odds of fussy eating are greater among children with obesity and anxiety.

Feb 14, 2022

Fussy eating has been associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), attention-deficit/hyperactive disorder (ADHD), anxiety, and depression. Despite these disorders being prevalent in obesity treatme...

ADHD and Neurodegenerative Disease Risk: A Critical Examination of the Evidence.

Feb 14, 2022

In this review, we undertake a critical appraisal of eight published studies providing first evidence that a history of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may increase risk for the later-...

Impact of stimulant medication on behaviour and executive functions in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

Feb 07, 2022

Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often exhibit behaviour challenges and deficits in executive functions (EF). Psychostimulant medications [, methylphenidate (MPH)] are com...