Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections are an important public health issue across the world because of the high risk of chronicity potential, impossibility of protection by vaccination and serious complications such as hepatocellular carcinoma. The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation of HCV core antigen test with HCV RNA in the diagnosis and treatment follow-up and to discuss the status of being an alternative test in routine use. In the first step of the study, the compatibility of the methods was investigated by applying the HCV core antigen test to 600 serum samples from patients with pre diagnosis of HCV infection for whom anti-HCV and HCV RNA tests were routinely studied in the molecular microbiology laboratory of medical microbiology department between December 2016 and December 2018. In the second step, in addition to the routine HCV RNA test, HCV core antigen test was studied in serum samples taken before the start of the treatment, at the eighth week of the treatment and at the end of the treatment of 150 patients whose treatment were decided by the gastroenterology department within this period. The correlation between the two tests was evaluated during the treatment follow-up. Forty-nine of 600 patients were diagnosed according to test results. In 28 patients, HCV core antigen was positive in addition to HCV RNA and anti-HCV which were routinely studied. The sensitivity of HCV core antigen test was 91.49%, specificity was 100%, PPD was 100%, NPD was 97.30%, accuracy was 87.76%. There was a high correlation between HCV RNA and HCV core antigen results. In the second step of the study, sensitivity (96.52%), specificity (95.28%), PPD (95.11%), NPD (95.80%) and accuracy (92.58%) of the HCV core antigen test were determined. These results show that there is a high correlation between the two tests and that HCV core antigen test can be used as an alternative test to HCV RNA test as it is an easily applicable and cost effective test during diagnosis and treatment follow-up.