Saphenous vein graft (SVG) bypass placement is regarded as the optimal option for renal artery stenosis, which usually causes secondary hypertension and poor renal perfusion. Using computational fluid dynamics, this study aimed to investigate the underlying hemodynamic mechanism of the vein aneurysm and stenosis after aortorenal bypass surgery. Three-dimensional models were reconstructed based on computed tomographic angiography images of a 20-year-old female patient who suffered from uncontrollable hypertension using the image processing package Mimics (Materialise). The morphology and hemodynamic parameters in the healthy state, at initial presentation and at post-operative 9-month and 2-year follow-ups after surgery were analysed. The hemodynamic parameters became normal in the left and right renal arteries after bypass surgery. However, flow separation and stagnation occurred at the post-operative 9-month aorta-vein anastomosis, which caused asymmetrical flow and extremely high wall shear stress (WSS) and WSS gradients at the outflow vein tract, where the stenosis occurred 2 years later. In addition, the graft bending produced an asymmetrical flow pattern downstream. This research revealed that the abnormal hemodynamics, including flow separation and extremely high WSS values and gradients, caused by the retrograde flow of aortorenal bypass may be responsible for the SVG degeneration. In addition, flow asymmetry due to vessel bending is a potential risk factor for SVG aneurysm dilation.
Anterior transoral debridement combined with posterior fixation and fusion to atlantoaxial tuberculosis.
February 28, 2020
Clinical utility of hepatitis C virus core antigen assay in the monitoring of direct-acting antivirals for chronic hepatitis C.
March 4, 2020
- ACC 2020The American College of Cardiology decided to cancel ACC.20/WCC due to COVID-19, which was scheduled to take place March 28-30 in Chicago. However, ACC.20/WCC Virtual Meeting continues to release cutting edge science and practice changing updates for cardiovascular professionals on demand and free through June 2020.
- ENDO: 2020ENDO 2020 Annual Conference has been canceled due to COVID-19. Here are highlights of emerging data that has still been released. Keep an eye out for ENDO Online 2020, which will take place from June 8 to 22.