The automated hematology analyzers XN-30 (for research) and XN-31 prototype (for diagnosis support) can easily and rapidly detect Plasmodium-infected red blood cells (iRBCs) and distinguish the developmental stages of the parasite in approximately 1 min. Two dedicated reagents, Lysercell M and Fluorocell M, are available with the analyzers. Lysercell M plays an indispensable role in enhancing the fluorescence intensity of the nucleic acid staining dye in Fluorocell M and altering cell morphology. These effects of Lysercell M have been empirically determined but insufficiently analyzed. In this study, the properties of Lysercell M were analyzed using two flow cytometers and a fluorescence microscope. First, the fluorescence intensity emitted by iRBCs treated with Lysercell M or phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) was evaluated. Second, the size of RBCs treated with Lysercell M or PBS was measured. Finally, the morphology of individual parasites was observed after reconstruction of an M scattergram, a cytogram of the XN-31 prototype system, using an imaging flow cytometer. These analyses showed that treatment of iRBCs with Lysercell M increased the fluorescence intensity of stained parasite nucleic acids by approximately 10-fold and reduced the size of iRBCs in a stage-specific manner, facilitating the identification and quantification of ring form, trophozoite, and schizont stage iRBCs. These properties suggest that Lysercell M is useful for rapidly detecting iRBCs and accurately distinguishing the parasite developmental stages, thereby contributing to the usability of the XN-30 and XN-31 prototype analyzers.
Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier B.V.