B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas (B-NHL) represent the most common type of hematologic malignancies in the Western hemisphere. The therapy of all B-NHL is based on the combination of different genotoxic cytostatics and anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody (mAb) rituximab. Unfortunately, many patients relapse after the mentioned front-line treatment approaches. The therapy of patients with relapsed/refractory (R/R) B-NHL represents an unmet medical need. We designed, developed and tested novel actively targeted hybrid mAb-polymer-drug conjugate (APDC) containing anti-CD20, anti-CD38 or anti-CD19 mAbs. Biocompatible copolymers based on N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide (HPMA) with cytostatic agent doxorubicin attached via stimuli-sensitive hydrazone bond were employed for the mAb grafting. Anti-lymphoma efficacy of the APDC nanotherapeutics was evaluated in vivo on a panel of three patient-derived lymphoma xenografts derived from two patients with R/R B-NHL and one patient with so far untreated B-NHL. In both PDX models derived from patients with R/R B-NHL, the targeting with anti-CD38 antibody daratumumab demonstrated highly improved anti-lymphoma efficacy compared to the targeting with anti-CD20 rituximab, two experimental anti-CD19 antibodies and non-targeted controls. The results represent a proof-of-concept of a new algorithm of personalized anti-tumor therapy based on highly innovative APDC biomaterials.Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier B.V.