To determine the rate of significant endometrial abnormalities in premenopausal women at low risk for endometrial hyperplasia and cancer presenting with abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB).
This descriptive study was conducted from January 1, 2016 to March 31, 2019. The inclusion criteria were premenopausal women, 35-50 years, presenting with AUB, low risk for endometrial hyperplasia or endometrial cancer, and having undergone endometrial sampling or uterine curettage. Nulliparous, obesity, diabetes mellitus, polycystic ovary syndrome, chronic anovulation, infertility, tamoxifen therapy and/or a family history of uterine, ovarian, breast and colon cancer were excluded. Data regarding baseline characteristics were collected, and histopathology reports were reviewed.
During the study period, 644 subjects were recruited, 557 of whom had adequate endometrial tissue for histopathology study. The pathology demonstrated benign in most cases (96%). The rate of significant abnormal endometrial pathology was 4% (23 cases) including 19 cases of endometrial hyperplasia without atypia (3.3%), and 4 cases of endometrial cancer (0.7%).
The rate of significant abnormal endometrial pathology in premenopausal women at low risk for endometrial hyperplasia or endometrial cancer presenting with AUB was very low. This information should be incorporated into the counseling process regarding the risks and benefits of endometrial sampling.

© 2020 Sattanakho et al.