In some studies, electrocardiographic early repolarization pattern (ERP) has been associated with an increased risk of death from cardiac causes. However, little is known about the prognostic significance of ERP in the middle-aged and geriatric general populations. We investigated the prevalence and long-term prognostic significance of early repolarization pattern (ERP) on electrocardiograms (ECGs) in the Healthy Aging Longitudinal Study (HALST) cohort of 4615 middle-aged and geriatric community-dwelling Han Chinese adults from Taiwan. The study subjects were followed-up for 95±22 months. A positive ERP of ≥0.1 mV was observed in 889 (19.3%) of the subjects. Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis showed that ERP was not associated with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality (log-rank test, =0.13 and 0.84, respectively). Cox regression analysis after adjusting for covariables revealed that age, blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, stroke, chronic kidney disease, and corrected QT interval (QTc) were associated with increased risk of all-cause mortality (<0.05). Age, and stroke were risk factors associated with increased risk of cardiovascular mortality (<0.05). However, ERP alone was not associated with all-cause or cardiovascular mortality. These findings show that ERP is common in the middle-aged and geriatric Han-Chinese individuals from the HALST cohort and is not associated with all-cause or cardiovascular mortality.