Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a prevalent cerebrovascular disease with significant global mortality and morbidity rates. Despite advancements in pharmacological and surgical approaches, the quality of life for SAH survivors has not shown substantial improvement. Traditionally, vasospasm has been considered a primary contributor to death and disability following SAH, but anti-vasospastic therapies have not demonstrated significant benefits for SAH patients’ prognosis. Emerging studies suggest that early brain injury (EBI) may play a crucial role in influencing SAH prognosis. Sirtuins (SIRTs), a group of NAD + -dependent deacylases comprising seven mammalian family members (SIRT1 to SIRT7), have been found to be involved in neural tissue development, plasticity, and aging. They also exhibit vital functions in various central nervous system (CNS) processes, including cognition, pain perception, mood, behavior, sleep, and circadian rhythms. Extensive research has uncovered the multifaceted roles of SIRTs in CNS disorders, offering insights into potential markers for pathological processes and promising therapeutic targets (such as SIRT1 activators and SIRT2 inhibitors). In this article, we provide an overview of recent research progress on the application of SIRTs in subarachnoid hemorrhage and explore their underlying mechanisms of action.© 2023. The Author(s).