Gout is a common rheumatic condition caused due to increase in serum uric acid level (hyperuricemia). Uricase is for lowering the level of uric acid but unfortunately, it is not produced in humans due to evolutionary changes. Therefore, it is administered to humans from outside in case of the high uric acid level in blood. A different formulation of uricase from bacterial, fungal, and mammalian sources is present in the market for the treatment of hyperuricemia conditions. Uricase formulation showed immunogenic response due to the occurrence of hypersensitivity reaction during the treatment that results in poor patient compliance. The purpose of this study was to clarify the variation of Uricase immunogenicity from different sources. We have used some immunoinformatic approaches to analyze and understand some structural aspects of immunogenic and allergenic epitopes of Uricase by calculation of relative frequency for eleven global alleles. As per our knowledge, this is the first immunoinformatic study of Uricase (structural based immunogenicity prediction) that deciphered the high immunogenic nature of Uricase but no significant difference in immunogenicity was found among Uricase isolated from Aspergillus flavus, Bacillus subtillis, and mammalian source. This study gives a further lead to develop some methods (include bioengineering of less immunogenic version of the uricase or utilizing the homologous enzymes) for minimizing immune response or search new sources of uricase that could be less or non-immunogenic.
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