This study investigated the factors correlated with severe liver damage among HIV-infected inpatients.
We retrospectively collected the first hospitalized HIV-infected patients in the Department of Infectious Disease of the First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2019. We used multivariate logistic regression to identify the factors associated with severe liver damage.
A total of 493 patients with abnormal liver tests were recruited. Among 63 cases (12.8%) with severe liver injury, drug-induced liver injury (DILI) identified by the updated Roussel Uclaf Causality Assessment Method (RUCAM) score as the direct cause was found in 43 cases. Anti-tuberculosis drug (ATD) exposure [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 1.835, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.031-3.268], cotrimoxazole exposure (aOR = 2.775, 95% CI: 1.511-5.096), comorbidity of viral hepatitis (aOR = 2.340, 95% CI: 1.161-4.716), alcohol consumption history (aOR = 2.392, 95% CI: 1.199-4.769), and thrombocytopenia (aOR = 2.583, 95% CI:1.127-5.917) were associated with severe liver injury (all < 0.05).
DILI was the predominant cause of severe liver damage, followed by hepatitis virus co-infection. For patients with alcohol consumption and thrombocytopenia, frequent monitoring of liver function tests should be considered.

Copyright © 2022 Liu, Zhou, Wang, Li, Wang, Lu, Liu, Hu and Wen.