Improvement of liver transplantation (LT) outcomes requires better understanding of factors affecting survival. The presence of RBC alloantibodies (RBCAs) on survival in LT recipients was evaluated.
This study was a single-center, retrospective cohort study reviewing transfusion records and all-cause mortality between 2002 and 2021.
Between 2002 and 2021, 2079 LTs were completed, 1,396 of which met inclusion criteria (1,305 RBCA negative; 91 RBCA positive [6.5%]). The cohorts were similar in age (mean [range], 55.8 [17-79] years vs 56.8 [25-73] years; P = .41, respectively) or sex (RBCA negative, 859 [65%] men and 446 [35%] women vs RBCA positive, 51 [56%] men and 40 [44%] women; P = .0684). Of 132 RBCAs detected, 10 were most common were to E (27.27%), Jka (15.91%), K (9.09%), C (8.33%), M (6.06%), D (5.3%), Fya (4.55%), e (2.27%), c (2.27%), and Jkb (2.27%). Twenty-seven patients (29.7%) had more than 1 RBCA; the most common combinations were C with Jka (7.4%) and E with Dia (7.4%). All-cause mortality was increased in men (men, 14.45 years vs women, 17.27 years; P = .0266) and patients 65 years of age and older (≥65 years of age, 10.21 years vs <64 years of age, 17.22 years; P < .0001). The presence of RBCA (≥1) did not affect all-cause mortality (RBCA negative, 14.17 years vs RBCA positive, 15.29 years; P = .4367). The top 5 causes of death were infection (11.9%), primary malignancy (solid) (10.8%), recurrent malignancy (10.5%), cardiovascular arrest (7.1%), and pulmonary insufficiency/respiratory failure (5.7%).
Survival in RBCA-positive LT recipients is no different from that in RBCA-negative LT recipients.

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