To evaluate the effectiveness of incobotulinumtoxinA (Xeomin) in treating upper eyelid retraction in patients with Graves orbitopathy (GO) initially scheduled for surgery via two different application sites.
This is a comparative, prospective study, conducted at the Department of Ophthalmology, Medical School, University Hospital Centre Zagreb, EUGOGO site (EUropean Group On Graves’ Orbitopathy) in Croatia from January 2020 till January of 2021 in accordance with national health headquarter recommendations. All patients were classified as inactive with marked eyelid retraction and randomly divided into groups according to application sites. Group A underwent transconjunctival application (18 eyes) and group B transcutaneous application (20 eyes) of incobotulinumtoxinA. The primary end point of this study was lowering the eyelid, to alleviate anterior eye segment symptoms and achieve acceptable aesthetic appearance until surgery becomes available.
There were no nonresponders and we found no statistically significant difference in the degree of lowering the eyelid between the two application sites. Following rules for avoiding spread of SARS-CoV-19, none of the patients included in this study were infected. Moreover, participants reported diminishing of anterior eye segment irritation and improved aesthetics.
Treatment of inactive GO patients with incobotulinumtoxinA for upper eyelid retraction is efficient and safe and can be used as an adjuvant treatment while patients wait for surgery, by alleviating symptoms and improving the level of aesthetic satisfaction without causing a threat to anterior eye segment and visual function. The study showed that effect of treatment was the same, whether we applied the toxin transconjunctivaly or transcutaneously.

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