Among the two incretins that strongly stimulate insulin secretion and are also involved in its physiological regulation in type 2 diabetes, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP1) has been the focus of interest for a long time, due to its retained – although reduced – secretagogue nature also in type 2 diabetes. Its receptor agonists were also included in the antidiabetic treatment toolkit. In the light of more recent studies, however, the “other” incretin, the glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) has also come into a different light. It turned out that by regulating glucagon and insulin production according to blood sugar levels, it acts as a bifunctional blood sugar stabilizing factor in type 2 diabetes as well. The article reviews new data on the physiology of GIP, its verifiable effects in type 2 diabetes and obesity, the so-called “twincretin” effect as well as the benefits of the double stimulation of the GIP and the GLP1 receptor. It describes the pharmacology of the first dual receptor agonist, tirzepatide, already incorporated in therapeutic recommendations, and the first clinical trials related to its use. In the light of the data so far, the molecule may open new horizons in the treatment of type 2 diabetes and obesity. Orv Hetil. 2023; 164(6): 210-218.
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János Tibor Kis