Despite the broad use of helmets, incidence of concussion remains high. Current methods for helmet evaluation focus on the measurement of head kinematics as the primary tool for quantifying risk of brain injury. Though the primary cause of mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI) is thought to be intracranial strain, helmet testing methodologies are not able to directly resolve these parameters. Computational injury models and impact severity measures are currently used to approximate intracranial strains from head kinematics and predict injury outcomes. Advancing new methodologies that enable experimental intracranial strain measurements in a physical model would be useful in the evaluation of helmet performance. This study presents a proof-of-concept head surrogate and novel helmet evaluation platform that allows for the measurement of intracranial strain using high-speed X-ray digital image correlation (XDIC). In the present work, the head surrogate was subjected to a series of bare and helmeted impacts using a pneumatically-driven linear impactor. Impacts were captured at 5,000 fps using a high-speed X-ray cineradiography system, and strain fields were computed using digital image correlation. This test platform, once validated, will open the door to using brain tissue-level measurements to evaluate helmet performance, providing a tool that can be translated to represent mTBI injury mechanisms, benefiting the helmet design processes.Crown Copyright © 2023. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.