Advertisement

HIV/AIDS

Tumorigenesis and diagnostic practice applied in two oncogenic viruses: Epstein Barr virus and T-cell lymphotropic virus-1-Mini review.

Aug 05, 2021

To date, seven viruses have been reliably connected to various forms of human cancer: Epstein Barr Virus (EBV), Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV), high-risk Human papillomavirus (HPV), Me...

Regional and Racial Disparities in HIV-Related Kidney Disease.

Aug 05, 2021

Clinical Background and Epidemiology: Worldwide, an estimated 38 million people are living with HIV infection. The classic kidney disease of HIV infection, commonly known as HIV-associated nephropathy...

Missed HIV diagnoses when screening only emergency department patients who have blood samples obtained for other clinical purposes.

Aug 02, 2021

Emergency departments (EDs) are highly valued settings for HIV screening. Most large-volume ED HIV screening programs have attenuated operational barriers by screening only ED patients who already hav...

Mindfulness-based interventions for medication adherence: A systematic review and narrative synthesis.

Aug 02, 2021

Inadequate medication adherence is a significant limitation for achieving optimal health outcomes across chronic health conditions. Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have been increasingly applie...

Fifteen years of the proficiency testing program for HIV-1 viral load testing laboratories in China, 2005-2019.

Aug 02, 2021

HIV-1 viral load (VL) testing is essential for monitoring the effects of antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected patients. In order to identify factors that impact testing performance of HIV-1 VL testi...

Predictors of having naloxone in urban and rural Oregon findings from NHBS and the OR-HOPE study.

Jul 29, 2021

Naloxone is an opioid antagonist that can be effectively administered by bystanders to prevent overdose. We determined the proportion of people who had naloxone and identified predictors of naloxone o...

Examining the association of alcohol use and psychotropic medication adherence among women with severe mental illness in South Africa.

Jul 29, 2021

Women with severe mental illness (SMI) in South Africa face numerous psychosocial challenges and alcohol use is widely used in this population as a coping strategy. Although hazardous alcohol use has ...

Maternal depressed mood and child development over the first five years of life in South Africa.

Jul 29, 2021

While the negative impact of peri-natal depression is well-documented in high-income countries, the long-term effects across the life course in low and middle-income countries is less clear. Children'...

Conference Highlights: IAS 2021

Jul 27, 2021

New research was presented at IAS 2021, the virtual 11th International AIDS Society Conference on HIV Science, from July 18-21. The features below highlight some of the studies that emerged from the c...

International research priorities on the role of cognition in power mobility device use: In pursuit of informed clinical practices and knowledge translation.

Jul 26, 2021

Cognition is an important factor affecting power mobility device (PMD) use. However, a gap in knowledge on the role of cognition in PMD use limits evidence of best practices for screening, assessment ...

Durability of rilpivirine- versus integrase inhibitor-based regimens in a large cohort of naïve HIV-infected patients starting antiretroviral therapy.

Jul 26, 2021

Comparisons between rilpivirine (RPV) and integrase strand transfer inhibitors (INSTIs) in antiretroviral therapy (ART)-naïve HIV-infected individuals are currently lacking. Aim of the study was to c...

Effect of Sustained Interventions from Infancy to Toddlerhood in Children with Cleft Lip and Palate for Preventing Early Childhood Caries.

Jul 26, 2021

The study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of sustained interventions in children with cleft lip and palate (CLP) for preventing early childhood caries (ECC). This prospective, nonrandomized interv...

Early detection of COVID-19 outbreaks using human mobility data.

Jul 22, 2021

Contact mixing plays a key role in the spread of COVID-19. Thus, mobility restrictions of varying degrees up to and including nationwide lockdowns have been implemented in over 200 countries. To appro...

Collective insights of public-private partnership impacts and sustainability: A qualitative analysis.

Jul 22, 2021

The global Coronavirus or COVID-19 pandemic exposed the weakness of healthcare systems including laboratory systems and is a call to action for unprecedented collaboration and partnerships to deal wit...

Interactions between AMOT PPxY Motifs and NEDD4L WW Domains Function in HIV-1 Release.

Jul 22, 2021

Like most enveloped viruses, HIV must acquire a lipid membrane as it assembles and buds through the plasma membrane of infected cells to spread infection. Several sets of host cell machinery facilitat...

Chronic High-Risk Prescription Opioid Use in Patients With HIV

Jul 20, 2021

A study has found that opioid prescriptions, including receipt of prescriptions for long durations, appear to be common among people living with HIV who are in primary care. Efforts are needed to prev...

Long-term weight gain after initiating combination antiretroviral therapy in treatment-naïve Asian people living with human immunodeficiency virus.

Jul 19, 2021

We investigated weight changes following antiretroviral therapy initiation in treatment-naïve Asians with human immunodeficiency virus (PLWH).This retrospective observational study evaluated adult tr...

The Impact of a Mobile Phone Application for Retention of Bleeding Control Skills.

Jul 19, 2021

The American College of Surgeons Bleeding Control Course (B-Con) empowers bystanders with hemorrhage control skills to manage prehospital emergencies, but demonstrates poor skill retention. The point ...

Hepatitis B Screening and Awareness in the Milwaukee Hmong Community.

Jul 15, 2021

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection disproportionately affects the Hmong ethnic group, with reported US prevalence rates up to 20%, but data for Wisconsin's large Hmong community is lacking. We assessed...

The Athlete and Gut Microbiome: Short-chain Fatty Acids as Potential Ergogenic Aids for Exercise and Training.

Jul 15, 2021

Short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) are metabolites produced in the gut via microbial fermentation of dietary fibers referred to as microbiota-accessible carbohydrates (MACs). Acetate, propionate, and but...