HIV/AIDS | Physician's Weekly
Advertisement

HIV/AIDS

Computational pathology aids derivation of microRNA biomarker signals from Cytosponge samples.

Jan 24, 2022

Non-endoscopic cell collection devices combined with biomarkers can detect Barrett's intestinal metaplasia and early oesophageal cancer. However, assays performed on multi-cellular samples lose inform...

Synthesis and biological application of glyco- and peptide derivatives of fullerene C.

Jan 24, 2022

Fullerenes have attracted considerable attention for their possible use in human therapy. Pure C is soluble only in some organic solvents, but this could be overcome by chemical modifications. This re...

Metabolomic changes after DAAs therapy are related to the improvement of cirrhosis and inflammation in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients.

Jan 17, 2022

A better understanding of the evolution of cirrhosis after hepatitis C virus (HCV) clearance is essential since the reversal of liver injury may not happen. We aimed to assess the evolution of plasma ...

Prevalence of HIV, hepatitis B virus, and hepatitis C virus among incarcerated people in Iran: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Jan 17, 2022

Incarcerated people are at higher risk for HIV, Hepatitis B Virus (HBV), and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infections. This review systematically summarized the evidence on the prevalence of these infection...

A collaborative care intervention to improve opioid prescribing among providers caring for persons with HIV: Impact on satisfaction, confidence, and trust.

Jan 10, 2022

HIV clinicians report low confidence and satisfaction prescribing chronic opioid therapy (COT). We hypothesized that the Targeting Effective Analgesia in Clinics for HIV (TEACH) intervention [a system...

Implementation of an electronic patient-reported measure of barriers to antiretroviral therapy adherence with the Opal patient portal: Protocol for a mixed method type 3 hybrid pilot study at a large Montreal HIV clinic.

Jan 03, 2022

Adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) remains problematic. Regular monitoring of its barriers is clinically recommended, however, patient-provider communication around adherence is often inadequat...

Assessment of the Urinary Microbiota of MSM Using Urine Culturomics Reveals a Diverse Microbial Environment.

Jan 03, 2022

The urinary tract is not sterile and is populated by microbial communities that influence urinary health. Men who have sex with men (MSM) are understudied yet have increased risk factors for genitouri...

Evaluation of lipid metabolism imbalance in HIV-infected patients with metabolic disorders using high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry.

Dec 27, 2021

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and highly active antiretroviral therapy use are associated with the disruption of lipid and glucose metabolism. Herein, a sensitive and robust high-perfor...

Emerging role of non-coding RNAs in the course of HIV infection.

Dec 27, 2021

Recent studies have shown that non-coding region of the human genome can exert important regulatory roles on critical biological functions, including response to viral infections, among them is human ...

Interest in electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation among adults with OUD in buprenorphine treatment: A mixed-methods investigation.

Dec 20, 2021

Individuals in treatment for opioid use disorder (OUD) have high smoking rates and limited success with FDA-approved cessation aids, suggesting need for novel approaches. Electronic cigarettes (e-ciga...

The Suboptimal Pediatric HIV Viral Load Cascade: Multidistrict Cohort Study Among Children Taking Antiretroviral Therapy in Lesotho, Southern Africa.

Dec 06, 2021

Children living with HIV and taking antiretroviral therapy (ART) are a priority group for routine viral load (VL) monitoring. As per Lesotho guidelines, a VL ≥1000 copies/mL ("unsuppressed") should ...

A pooled testing system to rapidly identify cattle carrying the elite controller BoLA-DRB3*009:02 haplotype against bovine leukemia virus infection.

Nov 29, 2021

As genetically resistant individuals, the "elite controllers" (ECs) of human immunodeficiency virus infection have been focused on as the keys to developing further functional treatments in medicine. ...

Technology-supported Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for chronic health conditions: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Nov 22, 2021

Chronic health conditions (CHCs) are common and associated with functional limitations. Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) shows promise in improving functioning, quality of life, and distress ac...

Tuberculosis and neurocryptococcosis by Cryptococcus neoformans molecular type VNI in A non-HIV patient: A comorbidities case report.

Nov 15, 2021

Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which is responsible for tuberculosis (TB) and Cryptococcus sp. responsible for cryptococcosis, are pathogenic microorganisms that especially affect patients infected with ...

Low-level Speech Recognition of Children with Hearing Aids.

Nov 15, 2021

For children with hearing loss, the primary goal of hearing aids is to provide improved access to the auditory environment within the limits of hearing aid technology and the child's auditory abilitie...

Human Immune Polymorphisms Associated with the Risk of Cryptococcal Disease.

Nov 01, 2021

Cryptococcus neoformans is an opportunistic fungal pathogen that can cause lethal cryptococcal meningitis (CM) in immunocompromised individuals such as those with HIV/AIDS. In addition, cryptococcal i...

Pharmacokinetics and safety of rilpivirine in healthy Japanese subjects and exploration of ethnic sensitivity of rilpivirine pharmacokinetics with physiologically based pharmacokinetic model approach.

Nov 01, 2021

Rilpivirine is a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor, used for the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus type-1 infection. An open label study was conducted to investigate the pharmacok...

Jejunal epithelial barrier disruption triggered by reactive oxygen species in early SIV infected rhesus macaques.

Oct 25, 2021

Intestinal epithelial barrier destruction occurs earlier than mucosal immune dysfunction in the acute stage of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infections. At...

A new electronically based clinical pathway for schizophrenia inpatients: A longitudinal pilot study.

Oct 18, 2021

Patients with schizophrenia, a severe chronic disorder, are characterized by resistance to therapy, lack of disease understanding, non-compliance and non-adherence, partly caused and maintained by an ...

Development, feasibility, acceptability and preliminary evaluation of the internet and mobile phone-based BSHAPE intervention for survivors of cumulative trauma.

Oct 11, 2021

Cumulative trauma exposures can have a profound effect on women's health and well-being. Black immigrant women are disproportionately affected by cumulative trauma experiences that place them at risk ...