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Obesity

From the Obesity Medicine Association - The Alarming Link Between Screen Time & Pediatric Obesity

Jan 26, 2022

It’s nearly impossible to avoid screen time these days; between smartphones, TVs, computers, and tablets, almost everyone’s daily routine revolves around time spent on screens. That includes child...

Owners' views of canine nutrition, weight and wellbeing and their implications for the veterinary consultation.

Jan 24, 2022

To investigate owners' views around canine nutrition and wellbeing, how these beliefs may differ according to the weight status of the dog and the implications for owner support approaches.A researche...

Galectin-3 levels and inflammatory response in patients undergoing bariatric surgery.

Jan 17, 2022

Obesity, a low-grade systemic inflammatory disease, causes inflammation in metabolic tissues. Galectin-3(Gal-3) is one of the lectin molecules involved in inflammatory processes. We evaluated the poss...

In vitro models of the canine digestive tract as an alternative to in vivo assays: Advances and current challenges.

Jan 17, 2022

Dogs occupy a full place in the family and their well-being is of paramount importance to their owners. Digestion, a complex process involving physicochemical, mechanical, and microbial parameters, pl...

Dose-response relationship between fat distribution and liver cancer incidence: A prospective cohort study in Chinese men.

Jan 10, 2022

Based on a prospective cohort study in middle-aged Chinese men, the current study characterized the dose-response relationships between fat distribution measurements and the incidence of primary liver...

Clinical profiles of Asians with NAFLD: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Dec 27, 2021

NAFLD is increasingly prevalent in Asia, where people suffer more metabolic comorbidities at a lower body mass index (BMI), suggesting potential differences in their clinical profile. Therefore, we at...

Effects of whole peanut within an energy-restricted diet on inflammatory and oxidative processes in obese women: a randomized controlled trial.

Nov 29, 2021

Peanut consumption has little effect on body weight, despite its high energy density and is associated with reduced cardiovascular disease risk. Based on previous research, we hypothesized that the co...

The ironic effects of dietary restraint in situations that undermine self-regulation.

Nov 22, 2021

Dietary restraint, defined as the cognitive effort to restrict eating, can paradoxically make individuals more susceptible to unhealthy eating when their ability to self-regulate is threatened. Past e...

Early nutrition and later excess adiposity during childhood. A narrative review.

Nov 15, 2021

Studies on childhood obesity mainly focus on the genetic component and on the lifestyle that may be associated with the development of obesity. However, the study of perinatal factors in their program...

ATP-consuming futile cycles as energy dissipating mechanisms to counteract obesity.

Nov 08, 2021

Obesity results from an imbalance in energy homeostasis, whereby excessive energy intake exceeds caloric expenditure. Energy can be dissipated out of an organism by producing heat (thermogenesis), exp...

CDC Study Finds “Alarming” Increase in Pediatric Obesity Rates: 5 Points for Physicians to Understand

Nov 01, 2021

A recent report from the CDC finds that the pandemic appears to have worsened the nation’s pediatric obesity rates. The percentage of children and teens with obesity accelerated from 19% before the ...

Sexual and physical abuse and identity of the perpetrator: Associations with binge eating and overeating in Project EAT 2018.

Nov 01, 2021

Sexual and physical abuse are risk factors for binge eating and overeating, but few studies have examined association of the identity of the perpetrator with survivors' risk of binge eating and overea...

Functional Abnormality of the Executive Control Network in Individuals With Obesity During Delay Discounting.

Oct 18, 2021

Individuals with obesity (OB) prefer immediate rewards of food intake over the delayed reward of healthy well-being achieved through diet management and physical activity, compared with normal-weight ...

Temporal Trends in Children's School Day Moderate to Vigorous Physical Activity: A Systematic Review and Meta-Regression Analysis.

Oct 11, 2021

Evidence from a limited sample of countries indicates that time for physical education and recess during school have declined. Schools are called to provide children with 30 minutes of moderate to vi...

Effects of intranasal oxytocin in food intake and craving: A meta-analysis of clinical trials.

Oct 04, 2021

A rise of endogenous oxytocin (OT) is associated with anxiety and meal size reduction, and the effects of intranasal OT (INOT) have been examined in the management of food intake and craving. However,...

The effect of weight reduction surgery on the efficacy and tolerability of epilepsy pharmacotherapy.

Oct 04, 2021

Bariatric surgery is an increasingly utilized procedure among patients with obesity-related medical complications. The impact of bariatric surgery on seizure frequency and antiseizure drug (ASD) level...

Emergency cricothyrotomy in morbid obesity: comparing the bougie-guided and traditional techniques in a live animal model.

Sep 27, 2021

Cricothyrotomy is a rare, time sensitive procedure that is more challenging to perform when anatomical landmarks are not easily palpated before the initial incision. There is a paucity of literature d...

Attenuated Cardiac oxidative stress, inflammation and apoptosis in Obese Mice with nonfatal infection of Escherichia coli.

Sep 13, 2021

Obesity is a risk factor of many diseases, but could be beneficial to the individuals with bacterial infection. The present study was conducted to investigate the relationship between obesity and hear...

Schisanhenol improves early porcine embryo development by regulating the phosphorylation level of MAPK.

Sep 06, 2021

Schisanhenol (SAL), a biphenyl cyclooctene-type lignin compound which can be extracted and isolated from many plants of the Schisandra family, exhibits a variety of biological activities including ant...

Whole-blood magnesium and blood lipids are individually and jointly associated with an elevated likelihood of youngsters being overweight or obese: A matched case-control study using the propensity score.

Sep 06, 2021

Youngsters who are overweight or obese (YOO) have become an important global health concern. Some micronutrients may be modifiable influential factors. This study aimed to investigate the individual a...