To use American Board of Urology (ABU) case log data to elucidate practice patterns for BPH surgery. Several modalities have been introduced in recent decades have caused significant practice variation.
We retrospectively analyzed ABU case logs from 2008-2021 to assess trends in BPH surgery. We created logistic regression models to identify surgeon-sided factors associated with utilization of each surgical modality.
We identified 6,632 urologists who logged 73,884 surgeries for BPH. Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) was the most commonly performed BPH surgery in all but one year, and odds of performing a TURP increased annually (OR 1.055, 95% CI [1.013,1.098], p = 0.010). The use of holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) did not change over time. HoLEP was more likely to be performed by urologists with higher BPH surgical volume (OR 1.017, CI [1.013, 1.021], p < 0.001) and with endourology subspecialization (OR 2.410, CI [1.45, 4.01], p = 0.001). Prostatic urethral lift (PUL) utilization increased significantly since its introduction in 2015 (OR 1.663, CI [1.540, 1.796], p < 0.001). PUL currently comprises over one third of all BPH surgeries logged.
In the face of newer technologies, TURP remains the most common surgery for BPH in the United States. However, PUL has been rapidly adopted while HoLEP comprises a consistent minority of cases. Surgeon age, patient age, and urologist subspecialization were associated with use of certain BPH surgical approaches.

Copyright © 2023. Published by Elsevier Inc.