The following is a summary of “A Prospective Study of Pressure Injury Healing Rate and Time and Influencing Factors in an Acute Care Setting,” published in the December 2022 issue of the Critical care by YoungMin, et al.

For a study, researchers sought to assess pressure injury (PI) recovery rate and time and find contributing variables.

The research design was a prospective cohort. Data were collected between May 2015 and August 2018. About 77 inpatients with at least one PI during their stay in a university hospital made up the study’s subjects. Age, sex, physical condition (incontinence, daily living activities, and nutrition status), physiologic (serum total protein, albumin, and creatinine levels, blood glucose, and hemoglobin levels), disease- (diagnosis, number of comorbidities, and cardiovascular comorbidity), wound- (PI stage and size at first detection, and Pressure Ulcer Scale for Healing score), and treatment-related (IV nutrition supply and albumin infusion) factors were all evaluated in

Over the course of the 77 patients, 91 PIs emerged. Around 54 (59.3%) of them (with a mean recovery duration of 17.63 days) recovered. Compared to unstageable or deep-tissue PIs, stage 2 PIs had a higher healing rate and recovered faster. The number of comorbidities, cardiovascular comorbidity, incontinence, PI stage at initial identification, IV nutrition delivery, and mean serum creatinine level were factors impacting PI healing rate. The number of comorbidities, cardiovascular comorbidity, and PI stage at initial discovery all affected how quickly PI healed.

Evidence-based management options for PIs were required to lower hospital stays, PI-related complications, and death. The study’s findings could aid in the creation of such tactics.