Autosomal recessive conditions are common in consanguineous populations. Since consanguinity is common in the Israeli Arab population, we evaluated the rate of MUTYH polyposis (MAP) among polyposis patients in this population and studied Pathogenic Variants (PVs) spectrum.
We reviewed health records of all Arab and Druze polyposis patients referred for counseling during 2013-2020 who fulfilled the Israeli Genetic Society criteria for MUTYH/APC testing, in a tertiary center in Northern Israel and four additional gastro-genetic clinics in Israel.
The Northern cohort included 37 patients from 30 unrelated families; 8(26.6%) carried bi-allelic MUTYH PVs. The major variant p.Glu452del was detected in 6/8 Druze and Muslim families who shared the same haplotype. Other PVs detected in both cohorts included p.Tyr56Ter, p.His57Arg, c.849+3A>C, p.Ala357fs, and p.Tyr151Cys. Among bi-allelic carriers, 88% reported consanguinity, and 100% had positive family history for polyposis or colorectal cancer (CRC). Generally, the age of CRC was 10 years younger than reported in the general MAP population.
MAP accounted for 27% of polyposis cases in the Arab population of Northern Israel. PVs spectrum is unique, with high frequency of the founder variant p.Glu452del. Our results may inform the genetic testing strategy in the Israeli Arab population.

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