The purpose of this study was to: 1/ describe the characteristics of a cohort of patients over 75 years of age hospitalized in perioperative geriatric units (UPOG) for iterative fractures; 2/ investigate the risks of institutionalization related to the first fracture; and 3/ search for potential risk factors for iterative fracture.
This is a retrospective single-center study analyzing patients over 75 years old, hospitalized in UPOG.
Of the 3207 patients hospitalized, 292 patients had a refracture (9.1%), with a mean age of 85.4+/-5.8 years. Initial fractures were mainly intertrochanteric (43.2%) and the femoral neck (32.9%). Refractures occurred mainly in the first year (55.5%), with a median delay of 9.6 months. Refractures were mainly intertrochanteric (29.5%), peri‑implant (prosthesis, osteosynthesis) (28.8%), and femoral neck (26.7%). Dementia was the only factor for institutionalization after the first fracture episode (p = 0.0002). Proximal femoral fracture (PFF) and female gender were risk factors for iterative fracture (10.2% vs. 6.8%, p = 0.003; 10.7% vs. 6.8%, p = 0.005 respectively), but not age (85.4 vs. 85.8 years, p = 0.24). PFF were more likely to result in the same fracture type in the second episode (58.1% vs 7.1%, p<0.0001). The time to refracture was shorter in case of peri‑implant fracture (p = 0.0002), or discharge directly to home (p = 0.04).
PFF and female gender are risk factors for recurrent fracture, which is even more likely to occur early in case of home discharge or peri‑implant fracture.

Copyright © 2023. Published by Elsevier Ltd.