To address the challenge in urology in recruiting physicians from backgrounds racially and ethnically underrepresented in medicine (URiM), we sought to design, implement, and evaluate methods for recruiting URiM candidates to our urology residency program.
We developed a three-pronged approach aimed at increasing the number of interviewed applicants, and subsequently number of URiM residents recruited to our program. The three facets included: (1) funded visiting student rotation, (2) holistic evaluation of applications, (3) implemented targeted outreach. Statistical analysis of the applicants interviewed and matched into our residency program, as well as traditional metrics used for residency recruitment, were performed from 2015 to 2022.
The number of URiM interviewees significantly increased from 6.1% in 2015 to its peak, 40%, in 2020. In 2015, there were no URiM residents in our urology residency program. By 2022, the total URiM complement increased to 35%. In evaluating traditional metrics of residency recruitment, there was no significant difference in mean USMLE Step 1 score before compared with after the implementation of our recruitment approach. The maximum rank number reached to fill the urology residency positions also remained relatively stable throughout the study period, with a range from 5 to 38.
We demonstrate that the implementation of our innovative and intentional three-pronged recruitment approach effectively increased the number of URiM interviewees and residents in our residency program. The diversification of our urology workforce depends on the implementation of such efforts, and we encourage urologists to lead the way on such initiatives.

Copyright © 2022. Published by Elsevier Inc.