Results of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) treatment and the 5 year survival rate of these patients remain poor. To purify therapeutic targets, investigation of new specific and prognostic blood-based markers for LSCC development is essential.
In the present study, we evaluated five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs): IL1RAP rs4624606, IL1RL1 rs1041973, IL-6 rs1800795, BLK rs13277113, and TIMP3 rs9621532, and determined their associations with the patients’ 5 year survival rate. Also, we performed a detailed statistical analysis of different LSCC patients’ characteristics impact on their survival rate.
Three hundred fifty-three LSCC patients and 538 control subjects were included in this study. The multivariable Cox regression analysis revealed a significant association between patients’ survival rate and distribution of IL1RAP rs4624606 variants: patients carrying AT genotype at IL1RAP rs4624606 had a lower risk of death (p = 0.044). Also, it was revealed that tumor size (T) (p = 0.000), tumor differentiation grade (G) (p = 0.015), and IL1RAP rs4624606 genotype (p = 0.044) were effective variables in multivariable Cox regression analysis prognosing survival of LSCC patients. The specific-LSCC 5 year survival rate was 77%.
In summary, our findings indicate that the genotypic distribution of IL1RAP rs4624606 influences the 5 year survival rate of LSCC patients. The results of the present study facilitate a more complete understanding of LSCC at the biological level, thus providing the base for the identification of new specific and prognostic blood-based markers for LSCC development.

© 2023. The Author(s).