Advertisement

Autism

Effects of Treadmill Exercise on Social Behavior in Rats Exposed to Thimerosal with Respect to the Hippocampal Level of GluN1, GluN2A, and GluN2B.

May 23, 2022

Thimerosal (THIM) kills brain neurons via induction of apoptosis and necrosis and induces the pathological features of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in rats. THIM also affects the function of glutama...

Short report. Cooking for autism: a pilot study of an innovative culinary laboratory for Italian adolescents and emerging adults with autism spectrum disorder.

May 16, 2022

Adolescence and emerging adulthood are critical periods for young people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, there is a lack of appropriate and affordable services available.The Il Tortellan...

Structural language impairment in Autism Spectrum Disorder versus Loss of Autism Diagnosis: Behavioral and neural characteristics.

May 16, 2022

This study probed for structural language impairment using behavioral and functional neuroimaging methods in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and those diagnosed with ASD in childhood w...

A meta-analytic investigation of grey matter differences in anorexia nervosa and autism spectrum disorder.

May 09, 2022

Recent research reports Anorexia Nervosa (AN) to be highly dependent upon neurobiological function. Some behaviours, particularly concerning food selectivity are found in populations with both Autism ...

Virtual Ontogeny of Cortical Growth Preceding Mental Illness.

May 02, 2022

Morphology of the human cerebral cortex differs across psychiatric disorders, with neurobiology and developmental origins mostly undetermined. Deviations in the tangential growth of the cerebral corte...

Relation between acquisition of lexical concept and joint attention in children with autism spectrum disorder without severe intellectual disability.

Apr 18, 2022

In children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), impairment of joint attention and language function are observed frequently from early childhood. Earlier reports have described these two phenomena as...

Postweaning social isolation and autism-like phenotype: a biochemical and behavioral comparative analysis.

Apr 18, 2022

Adolescence is a critical period for brain development. In most mammalian species, disturbances experienced during adolescence constitute a risk factor for several neuropsychiatric disorders. In this ...

Comorbidity of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Autism Spectrum Disorders: Current Status and Promising Directions.

Apr 11, 2022

High rates of co-occurring Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) suggest common causal pathways, which await elucidation. What is well-established, howeve...

Anhedonia and Hyperhedonia in Autism and Related Neurodevelopmental Disorders.

Apr 11, 2022

Although autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is defined by impaired social communication and restricted and repetitive behaviors and interests, ASD is also characterized by impaired motivational processes....

Germline mosaicism of a missense variant in KCNC2 in a multiplex family with autism and epilepsy characterized by long-read sequencing.

Apr 04, 2022

Currently, protein-coding de novo variants and large copy number variants have been identified as important for ~30% of individuals with autism. One approach to identify relevant variation in individu...

Perinatal adversities in tuberous sclerosis complex: determinants and neurodevelopmental outcomes.

Apr 04, 2022

To examine the association between perinatal adversities and neurodevelopmental outcome in tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC).The Tuberous Sclerosis 2000 study is a prospective, longitudinal UK study of...

Plasma and red blood cell n3 fatty acids correlate positively with the WISC-R verbal and full-scale intelligence quotients and inversely with Conner's parent-rated ADHD index t-scores in children with high functioning autism and Asperger's syndrome.

Mar 28, 2022

Findings of the fatty acid status of people with autism spectrum disorders have been incongruent perhaps because of the diversity of the condition. A cross-sectional design study was used to  investi...

Object label and category knowledge among toddlers at risk for autism spectrum disorder: An application of the visual array task.

Mar 28, 2022

Individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) demonstrate atypical development of receptive language and object category knowledge. Yet, little is known about the emerging relation between...

ASD Diagnosis and Treatment Experiences Among Mexican Heritage Families.

Mar 21, 2022

To understand the ASD diagnosis and treatment pathways for US families, N = 38 Mexican-heritage mothers were interviewed about how and when they obtained an ASD diagnosis for their children. Most ...

Trajectories of labour market marginalisation among young adults with newly diagnosed attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Mar 14, 2022

Labour market marginalisation (LMM), i.e. severe problems in finding and keeping a job, is common among young adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This study aimed to disentang...

Pharmacological and dietary-supplement treatments for autism spectrum disorder: a systematic review and network meta-analysis.

Mar 07, 2022

There is still no approved medication for the core symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This network meta-analysis investigated pharmacological and dietary-supplement treatments for ASD.We sear...

Abnormal regional spontaneous brain activities in white matter in patients with autism spectrum disorder.

Feb 28, 2022

Previous studies have demonstrated patients with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are accompanied by alterations of spontaneous brain activity in gray matter. However, whether the alterations of spontan...

t-VNS to treat disorders of behaviour in Prader-Willi Syndrome and in people with other neurodevelopmental conditions.

Feb 28, 2022

This paper proposes that tVNS has the potential to be a new treatment for some of the behaviour difficulties that may affect people with intellectual disabilities and/or autism, particularly those peo...

Memory and metamemory for actions in children with autism: Exploring global metacognitive judgements.

Feb 21, 2022

Standards in education emphasize the role of metacognition in successful academic outcomes for those with and without learning challenges. Research into metamemory in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) ha...

Dysregulated Nrf2 signaling in response to di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate in neutrophils of children with autism.

Feb 21, 2022

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by constellation of impaired behaviors that include deficits in social interaction/communication and the presence of restricted/repetitive behavioral pa...