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Anesthesiology

An Urgent Need for a Common Framework for the Articulation, Design and Reporting of Surgical System Strengthening Interventions Comment on "Improving Access to Surgery Through Surgical Team Mentoring - Policy Lessons From Group Model Building With Local Stakeholders in Malawi".

May 16, 2022

Nearly 60% of the world's inhabitants lack access to timely, safe, and ffordable emergency and essential surgical, anesthetic, and obstetric (SAO) services when needed. Although acknowledged as an imp...

Remote After-Care Using Smartphones (RACUS): a feasibility study of monitoring children's pain with automated SMS messaging.

May 16, 2022

Monitoring children's recovery postoperatively is important for routine care, research, and quality improvement. Although telephone follow-up is common, it is also time-consuming and intrusive for fam...

Mechanisms of hypoxia in the hippocampal CA3 region in postoperative cognitive dysfunction after cardiopulmonary bypass.

May 09, 2022

Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a complication with high morbidity and mortality, commonly observed in the elderly who underwent anesthesia and surgery. The incidence is much higher in c...

Comparison of the effects of neostigmine and sugammadex on postoperative residual curarization and postoperative pulmonary complications by means of diaphragm and lung ultrasonography: a study protocol for prospective double-blind randomized controlled trial.

May 09, 2022

Postoperative residual curarization (PORC) may be a potential risk factor of postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs), and both of them will lead to adverse consequences on surgical patient recove...

Association of intraocular pressure and postoperative nausea and vomiting after microvascular decompression - a prospective cohort study.

May 02, 2022

Postoperative nausea and vomiting is common in patients receiving microvascular decompression. In the current study, we examined whether postoperative nausea and vomiting is associated with reduced in...

Stimulation of brain corticotropin-releasing factor receptor type1 facilitates the rat micturition via brain glutamatergic receptors.

Apr 04, 2022

Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF), a representative stress-related neuropeptide, in the central nervous system reportedly both facilitates and suppresses the micturition, therefore, roles of centra...

Robotic colorectal surgery using the Senhance robotic system: a single center experience.

Mar 21, 2022

The aim of this study was to evaluate the initial experience of a single robotic center with the Senhance robotic systems (TransEnterix Surgical Inc, Morrisville, NC, USA) in colorectal surgery.We per...

Impacts of a Medicaid "lock-in" program on opioid use disorder treatment and services and naloxone dispensing.

Mar 14, 2022

"Lock-in" programs are used by health insurers to reduce the risk of adverse outcomes that can result from overutilization of opioids and other controlled substances. We estimated the association betw...

Optimal BIS reference functions for closed-loop induction of anesthesia with propofol.

Mar 07, 2022

During closed-loop induction of anesthesia a closed-loop system will typically administer propofol to bring a patient to a target depth of hypnosis, or reference point, as quickly as possible while mi...

Effect of intraoperative subhypnotic infusion of propofol on postoperative nausea and vomiting: A retrospective analysis.

Feb 14, 2022

To measure the possible association between subhypnotic propofol infusion during general balanced anesthesia and the incidence of PONV.Retrospective Cohort Analysis Using Propensity Score Matching.Pos...

The effect of magnesium sulfate on emergence agitation in children undergoing general anesthesia: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Feb 14, 2022

Emergence agitation (EA) is a common complication in pediatric patients after general anesthesia. The effectiveness of magnesium sulfate in decreasing the incidence of EA in children remains controver...

Comparison of Effects of Propofol and Sevoflurane on the Cerebral Vasculature Assessed by Digital Subtraction Angiographic Parameters in Patients Treated for Ruptured Cerebral Aneurysm: A Preliminary Study.

Jan 31, 2022

Studies have evaluated the effects of volatile and intravenous anesthetic agents on the cerebral vasculature with inconsistent results. We used digital subtraction angiography to compare the effects o...

Super-refractory status epilepticus (SRSE): A case series of 22 pediatric patients.

Jan 17, 2022

Super-refractory Status Epilepticus (SRSE) is a rare condition in which SE persists or recurs ≥24 h after the onset of anesthesia. Although its characteristics are well defined in adulthood, only f...

[Effectiveness and safety of robotic assisted-bronchoscopy system in locating and removing spring coils placed in the peripheral lung of beagle dogs: a pilot study].

Dec 20, 2021

To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of the robotic assisted bronchoscope system for localizing and removing the spring coils that placed in the peripheral lung of beagle dogs. The study was con...

Agenesis of vermiform appendix; a case report with literature review.

Sep 27, 2021

Agenesis of the vermiform appendix (AVA) is a very rare finding. The report aims to present a case of suspected acute appendicitis who lacked vermiform appendix during surgical exploration.A 25-year-o...

Evaluation of the impact of deep neuromuscular blockade on surgical conditions for laryngeal microsurgery with High Frequency Jet Ventilation. A comparison with no block during intravenous general anesthesia with topical lidocaine.

Sep 20, 2021

Laryngeal transoral surgery classically requires a neuromuscular block (NMB) to facilitate tracheal intubation and to improve surgical conditions. However, the short duration of most procedures and th...

Association of pharmacological prophylaxis with the risk of pediatric emergence delirium after sevoflurane anesthesia: An updated network meta-analysis.

Sep 06, 2021

This updated network meta-analysis aims at exploring whether the concurrent use of midazolam or antiemetics may enhance the efficacy of other pharmacological regimens for delirium prophylaxis in pedia...

Evaluation of Ultrasound-Guided Adductor Canal Block With Two Different Concentration of Bupivacaine in Arthroscopic Knee Surgery, A Feasibility Study.

Aug 26, 2021

The application of regional anesthesia techniques as a component of multimodal analgesia in knee arthroscopic surgeries increases the quality of postoperative analgesia. Adductor canal block (ACB) is ...

Evaluation of vapocoolant spray effect on pain reduction during digital nerve block: A randomized clinical trial.

Aug 23, 2021

The digital nerve block is an effective method of anesthesia before minor surgical interventions on the fingers. However, patients may experience a lot of pain and anxiety during this procedure. The e...

Role of Pv-aCO gradient and Pv-aCO/Ca-vO ratio during cardiac surgery: a retrospective observational study.

Aug 19, 2021

Arterial lactate, mixed venous O saturation, venous minus arterial CO partial pressure (PCO) and the ratio between this gradient and the arterial minus venous oxygen content (PCO/CO) were proposed as ...