To determine the predictors of functional outcomes and quality of life (QoL) of patients who were surgically treated for fragility hip fracture. This was a retrospective cohort study performed in the 3 tertiary rehabilitation facilities. A total of 165 patients who had undergone surgery for fragility hip fracture were followed up to 6 months postoperatively. The factors expected to be related to the functional outcomes and QoL at 6 months post-surgery were as follows: baseline demographics, fracture site, operation type, fall characteristics including fall location and fall direction, comorbidities, and initial functional status. The following were comorbidities: hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dementia, cerebrovascular accident, and osteoporosis. Functional outcome and QoL measures were represented using the Koval grade, functional ambulatory category (FAC), Berg balance scale, 4-m walking speed test, the Korean version of Mini-Mental State Examination, EuroQol 5-dimension (EQ-5D) questionnaire, the Korean version of Modified Barthel Index, and the Korean version of instrumental activities of daily living (K-IADL). For all tests, each patient was assessed immediately after transfer and at 6 months post-surgery. Multivariable regression analyses adjusting for factors mentioned above were as follows. Old age led to a significantly less favorable outcome on FAC and K-IADL at 6 months. Intertrochanteric fracture had a significantly positive impact on Koval at 6 months compared to femur neck and intertrochanteric fractures. Total hip replacement arthroplasty and bipolar hemiarthroplasty had a significantly positive impact on EQ-5D and FAC at 6 months respectively compared to other operation types. Fall characteristics didn’t reveal any significant impact on functional outcomes and QoL. Patients with hypertension and diabetes mellitus had a significantly negative outcome on EQ-5D and K-IADL respectively. Among initial assessments of function and QoL, initial 4-m walking speed test, Korean version of Mini-Mental State Examination, K-IADL, and Korean version of Modified Barthel Index were independent predictors of function and QoL at 6 months. This study confirmed that age, fracture site, operation type, comorbidities, and initial physical and cognitive function significantly influenced recovery of function and QoL at 6 months in patients with fragility hip fractures.
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