The euglenids are a species-rich group of flagellates with varying modes of nutrition that can be found in diverse habitats. Phagotrophic members of this group gave rise to phototrophs and hold the key to understanding the evolution of euglenids as a whole, including the evolution of complex morphological characters like the euglenid pellicle. Yet to understand the evolution of these characters, a comprehensive sampling of molecular data is needed to correlate morphological and molecular data, and to estimate a basic phylogenetic backbone of the group. While the availability of SSU rDNA and, more recently, multigene data from phagotrophic euglenids has improved, several “orphan” taxa remain without any molecular data whatsoever. Dolium sedentarium is one such taxon: It is a rarely-observed phagotrophic euglenid that inhabits tropical benthic environments and is one of few known sessile euglenids. Based on morphological characters, it has been thought of as part of the earliest branch of euglenids, the Petalomonadida. We report the first molecular sequencing data for Dolium using single-cell transcriptomics, adding another small piece in the puzzle of euglenid evolution. Both SSU rDNA and multigene phylogenies confirm it as a solitary branch within Petalomonadida.© 2023 The Authors. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of International Society of Protistologists.