The main objective of this work was to perform a comprehensive analysis and provide a race-stratified epidemiological report accounting for differences in treatment patterns and treatment related adverse events in Non-Hispanic women with breast cancer (BC). The cohort included women ≥ 18 years diagnosed with in-situ, early-stage, and late-stage BC (2005-2022). Treatment patterns included: surgery, breast radiation, chemotherapy, endocrine therapy, or biologic therapy. Treatment related adverse events were: chemotherapy complications, cardiovascular toxicities, immune-related adverse events, psychological affectations, or cognitive decline/dementia. The influence of race on the outcomes was measured via Cox proportional-hazards models. We included 17,454 patients (82% non-Hispanic Whites [NHW]). Most of the patients had a Charlson Comorbidity Score between 1 and 2 (68%), and TNM stage I (44.5%). Surgery was performed in 51.5% of the cases, while 30.6% received radiotherapy, 26.4% received chemotherapy, 3.1% received immunotherapy, and 41.2% received endocrine therapy. Non-Hispanic Blacks (NHB) had a lower probability of undergoing breast cancer surgery (aHR = 0.92, 95% CI 0.87-0.97) and of being prescribed endocrine therapy (aHR = 0.83, 95% CI 0.79-0.89), but a higher probability of receiving adjuvant radiotherapy (aHR = 1.40, 95% CI 1.29-1.52). Moreover, NHBs had lower risk of being diagnosed with psychological issues (aHR = 0.71, 95% CI 0.63-0.80) but a higher risk for cognitive decline/dementia (aHR = 1.30, 95% CI 1.08-1.56). In conclusion, NHB women diagnosed with BC were less likely than NHW to undergo curative intent surgery or receive endocrine therapy, and had a higher risk of cognitive decline/dementia after cancer treatment. Public policy measures are urgently needed which equalize access to quality healthcare for all patients and that promote a learning healthcare system which can improve cancer outcomes.
© 2023. The Author(s).