To assess the impact of clinical neonatal seizures on outcome characteristics of preterm and term newborns with neonatal encephalopathy (NE).
We designed a prospective comparative study with 53 babies (preterm neonates: 26 and term neonates: 27) with NE: group 1 (preterm neonates with seizures, n = 13), group 2 (preterm neonates without seizures, n = 13), group 3 (term neonates with seizures, n = 13) and group 4 (term neonates without seizures, n = 14). The functional outcome characteristics of the survivors were assessed by the Ankara Developmental Screening Inventory (ADSI) and the Guide for Monitoring Child Development (GMCD) at 12 months of age.
Clinically defined acute symptomatic seizures were diagnosed with prompt conventional EEG / amplitude-integrated EEG in preterm (92.3%) and term neonates (81.4%) with etiology-specific diagnoses of NE. There were no differences between the study groups regarding seizure semiology and EEG characteristics. A primary adverse outcome was defined in 22 (41.5%) of the cohort. However, only 15.3% of infants had an unfavorable functional outcome with ADSI at 12 months. Among the survivors, there was no significant difference between the study groups regarding ADSI scores. The GMDC test revealed normal development in 50% of survivors with seizures in the preterm group and 83% in the term group.
There was no significant difference between the characteristics of functional outcomes at 12 months in preterm and term neonates with NE for clinical seizures.

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