Vaccine-related medication errors can occur at each step of the vaccination process: prescribing, dispensing, preparation, administration, monitoring, transport, and storage. We aimed to describe current knowledge of vaccination-related errors to identify areas for improvement.
We performed a literature review on PubMed, using MeSH terms, from 1998 to 2020 to identify articles that would illustrate vaccine-related medication errors. We developed a questionnaire for health professionals concerning prescribing, dispensing, or administering vaccines via Facebook, and then identified priority areas for information to reduce vaccine-related medication errors.
A total of 227 answers were collected from midwives (N=90), pharmacists or technicians (N=75), and physicians or interns (N=62). Practitioners gave wrong answers on live vaccines administered during pregnancy (>10% of physicians), incorrect acronyms for the DTCaP (diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, poliomyelitis) vaccine corresponding to branded products (72% of midwives), lack of marketing authorization knowledge for the influenza vaccine (46%), duration of vaccine conservation outside of the refrigerator (52%), or intravenous administration of the rotavirus vaccine (23%). Most health professionals mentioned the possibility of writing procedures for the various steps of the vaccine process, but only few of them have actually done it (15% for dispensing/administration versus 61% for storage). Ten key points for initial or ongoing training of health professionals have been summarized.
There is partial mastery of vaccine knowledge among health professionals. Our final table presents the most important elements of these results for educating health professionals on potential vaccine-related medication errors.

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