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TBI

The Value of Nonpharmacological Interventions for People With an Acquired Brain Injury: A Systematic Review of Economic Evaluations.

May 09, 2022

Acquired brain injury (ABI) has long-lasting effects, and patients and their families require continued care and support, often for the rest of their lives. For many individuals living with an ABI dis...

A Adenosine Receptor Inhibition Ameliorates Hypoxic-Ischemic Injury in Neonatal Mice via PKC/Erk/Creb/HIF-1α Signaling Pathway.

Feb 21, 2022

Periventricular leukomalacia (PVL), the dominant cerebral white matter injury disease, is induced by hypoxia-ischemia and inflammation in premature infants. The activation of A adenosine receptor (AAR...

Brain to periphery in acute ischemic stroke: mechanisms and clinical significance.

Jul 19, 2021

The social and public health burdens of ischemic stroke have been increasing worldwide. In addition to focal brain damage, acute ischemic stroke (AIS) provokes systemic abnormalities across peripheral...

Concussion coach for postconcussive symptoms: a randomized, controlled trial of a smartphone application with Afghanistan and Iraq war Veterans.

Jul 01, 2021

Investigate the effectiveness of Concussion Coach, an interactive smartphone application, as a treatment for residual neurobehavioral symptoms and distress in Veterans with a history of mild traumati...

Pattern of Brain Injury in Patients With Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura in the Precaplacizumab Era.

Jun 28, 2021

To describe short- and long-term neurologic prognosis of patients with thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura and to identify clusters associated with evolution.Prospective French cohort.ICU in a referen...

Protective Effect of Lutein/Zeaxanthin Isomers in Traumatic Brain Injury in Mice.

Jun 17, 2021

Previous studies revealed that oxidative stress and inflammation are the main contributors to secondary injury after traumatic brain injury (TBI). In an earlier study, we reported that lutein/zeaxanth...

Comparison of four formulas for nasotracheal tube length estimation in pediatric patients: an observational study.

May 03, 2021

Correct endotracheal intubation results in better ventilation, prevents hypoxia and its possible damages, such as brain injury, and minimizes attempts for re-intubation. Up to now, several formulas ha...

Predicting the developmental outcomes of very premature infants via ultrasound classification: A CONSORT - clinical study.

Apr 15, 2021

This study aimed to assess the accuracy of ultrasonic grading in determining brain injury in very premature infants and analyze the affecting factors of these neonatal morbidity and mortality, and to ...

Neuroimaging Biomarkers of Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy: Targets for the Academic Memory Disorders Clinic.

Apr 15, 2021

Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is a neurodegenerative disease associated with exposure to repetitive head impacts, such as those from contact sports. The pathognomonic lesion for CTE is the pe...

Expression of FOXO transcription factors in the brain following traumatic brain injury.

Apr 12, 2021

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a substantial clinical and social problem worldwide, causing high morbidity and mortality along with significant economic and medical costs. Forkhead box O transcriptio...

Utility of the Marshall & Rotterdam Classification Scores in Predicting Outcomes in Trauma Patients.

Apr 12, 2021

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is a leading cause of mortality in the trauma population. Accurate prognosis remains a challenge. Two common Computed Tomography (CT)-based prognostic models include the M...

Working memory training: Taking a step back to retool and create a bridge between clinical and neuroimaging research methods.

Apr 05, 2021

Improvements in patient outcomes and mortality after brain injury alongside increasing ageing population have resulted in an increasing need to develop cognitive interventions for individuals experien...

Measuring the impact of productive failure on nursing students' learning in healthcare simulation: A quasi-experimental study.

Mar 29, 2021

Previous research suggests that making errors in a non-threatening simulated environment can facilitate learning. Productive failure, which combines problem-solving tasks followed by instruction, enab...

Normative Data for the Fear Avoidance Behavior After Traumatic Brain Injury Questionnaire in a Clinical Sample of Adults With Mild TBI.

Mar 22, 2021

Fear avoidance behavior after a concussion or mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is associated with a number of adverse outcomes, such as higher symptom burden, emotional distress, and disability. The...

EXPRESS: Differences in outcomes following an intensive upper-limb rehabilitation programme for patients with common CNS-acting drug prescriptions.

Mar 18, 2021

Difficulty using the upper-limb is a major barrier to independence for many patients post-stroke or brain injury. High dose rehabilitation can result in clinically significant improvements in function...

Utility of non-contrast head computed tomography in poisoned patients.

Mar 15, 2021

To investigate the utility of non-contrast head computed tomography (CT) in poisoned patients.A retrospective cohort study of patients referred to a toxicology unit between August 2010 and December 20...

The effect of access to a designated interdisciplinary post-acute rehabilitation service on participant outcomes after brain injury.

Aug 13, 2020

This study aimed to determine the influence of participation in a designated acquired brain injury (ABI) transitional rehabilitation service (ABI TRS) on outcome, in the context of a historical compar...

Biomechanical Analysis of Woodpecker Response During Pecking Using a Two-Dimensional Computational Model.

Aug 10, 2020

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) and chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) due to the impact is a critical health concern. Impact mitigation strategy is a vital design paradigm to reduce the burden of TB...

Commonality in Abnormality: "Abnormal" Neuropsychological Scores Are Common in Baseline Testing of Youth Athletes.

Mar 20, 2020

Although research shows that abnormal scores are common in adults, fewer studies examine the frequency of abnormal scores within children. The present study assessed how specific tests, cognitive doma...

Detection of perilymphatic fistula in labyrinthine windows by virtual endoscopy and variation of reconstruction thresholds on CT scan.

Jan 30, 2020

Perilymphatic fistula (PLF) is a breach in a labyrinthine window. The opening might decrease the radiological density of the window. To evaluate the radiological density of the labyrinthine windows b...