We sought to find new biomarkers for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) caused by chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH).
The AAA mice model was created using Ang II. The mice were divided into normoxic and CIH groups. The structure of AAA was observed using abdominal ultrasonography, Elastica van Gieson (EVG), and hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining. The expression of ɑ-SMA was investigated using immunohistochemistry. The novel biomarkers were screened using bioinformatics analysis. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was employed to verify the expression of novel genes in both normal oxygen and CIH.
CIH appears to cause greater aortic dilation, higher AAA incidence, lower survival rate, thicker vessel wall, and more brittle elastic lamellae when compared to controls. The immunohistochemistry results showed that the expression of ɑ-SMA in the CIH group was reduced significantly. Four novel genes, including Homer2, Robo2, Ehf, and Asic1, were found to be differentially expressed between normal oxygen and CIH using qRT-PCR, indicating the same trend as bioinformatics analysis.
We discovered that CIH could hasten the occurrence and progression of AAA. Four genes (Homer2, Robo2, Ehf, and Asic1) may be novel biomarkers for AAA, which could aid in the search for new therapies for patients with AAA caused by CIH.

Copyright © 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.