As rates of overdoses involving opioids continue to rise in the United States, community pharmacies are uniquely positioned as a central access point of care for individuals to access harm reduction supplies, such as naloxone and nonprescription syringes (NPS).
This study aimed to identify the facilitators and barriers of obtaining naloxone and NPS at community pharmacies that participated in Respond to Prevent (R2P), a multicomponent intervention to increase dispensing rates of naloxone, buprenorphine, and NPS.
Pharmacy customers were recruited to participate in semistructured qualitative interviews conducted immediately after they obtained, or attempted to obtain, naloxone and NPS (when applicable) from R2P-participating pharmacies. Thematic analysis was conducted on the transcribed interviews, and content coding was applied to ethnographic notes and text messages from participants.
Of the 32 participants, most (n = 28, 88%) successfully obtained naloxone and most of those seeking NPS successfully (n = 14, 82%) purchased them as well. Participants reported positive overall experiences at the community pharmacies. Participants described using the intervention advertising materials, as designed, to facilitate the request for naloxone. Many participants shared that they felt respected by pharmacists and that they valued naloxone counseling sessions that were tailored to meet their needs and allowed space for them to ask questions. Barriers included experiences where the intervention did not address structural challenges that prohibited the purchase of naloxone and where certain types of staff lacked knowledge, treated participants poorly, or did not adequately provide expected naloxone counseling.
Pharmacy customer experiences obtaining naloxone and NPS in R2P-participating pharmacies identify facilitators and barriers to access that may be used to reform implementation and future interventions. Barriers identified can help enhance strategies or inform policies to improve pharmacy-based harm reduction supply distribution not addressed through existing interventions.

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