At least 1 month of dual antiplatelet therapy is required after coronary stenting. The aim of this all-comers retrospective registry study was to assess the efficacy and safety of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using drug-coated balloon (DCB) with single antiplatelet treatment (SAPT).
Between 2011 and 2020, 232 PCIs were performed in 172 patients using the DCB-only strategy and discharged with SAPT.
The mean age of the patients was 75 ± 11 years and 59% were male. The clinical presentation was stable coronary artery disease (CAD) in 42% of the patients and acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in 58%. The lesions were mainly de novo (96%). The majority (58%) of treated lesions were in large coronary arteries (≥3.0 mm). Most (87%) of the patients were at high bleeding risk (HBR) with at least one major or two minor Academic Research Consortium (ARC) risk factors for bleeding. Periprocedural DAPT was used in 49% of the patients. The 12-month major adverse cardiac events (MACE, the composition of cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and target-lesion revascularization) rate was 1.4% in stable CAD and 7.1% in ACS. The 12-month all-cause mortality after DBC only + SAPT strategy was 4.1% in stable CAD and 12.1% in ACS. The rate of ischemia-driven target lesion revascularisation (TLR) was 0% in stable CAD and 3.0% in ACS at 12 months. The 12-month rate of significant bleeding (BARC type 2-5) was 10.5%. There were no acute or subacute vessel closures.
Despite the aged patient population with comorbidities, the TLR, MACE, and bleeding rates were low with DCB-only PCI combined with SAPT. This novel approach could reduce the post-PCI bleeding risk in patients with CAD and HBR compared to stenting.

© 2023 The Authors. Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions published by Wiley Periodicals LLC.