To evaluate the association between work-life balance satisfaction for practicing urologists who have children < 18 years compared to those who do not have children or have children ≥ 18 years.
We evaluated the association between work-life balance satisfaction based on partner status, partner employment status, child status, primary responsible party for family, total work hours per week, and total vacation weeks per year using 2018 and 2019 American Urological Association (AUA) census data with post-stratification adjustment methods.
Of 663 respondents, 77 (9.0%) were female and 586 (91%) were male. Female urologists are more likely to have an employed partner (79.vs 48.9%, p<0.001), more likely to have children < 18 years (75.0 vs 41.7%, p <0.0001), and less likely to have a partner as primary caretaker of family (26.5 vs 50.3%, p < 0.0001) compared to male urologists. Urologists with children < 18 years reported lower work-life balance satisfaction than those without (OR 0.65, p = 0.035). For every five additional hours works per week, urologists reported lower work-life balance (OR 0.84, p < 0.001). However, there are no statistically significant associations between work-life balance satisfaction and gender, employment status of their partner, primary responsible party for family responsibilities, and total weeks of vacation per year.
According to recent AUA census data, having children < 18 years is associated with lower work-life balance satisfaction. This highlights opportunities to support young parents, both male and female, in the workplace to prevent burnout and maximize well-being among urologists.

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