Women at risk for hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndromes are frequently seen in primary care and gynecology clinics. They present with a distinctive set of clinical and emotional needs that revolve around complex risk management discussions and decision making. The care of these women calls for the creation of individualized care plans that facilitate adjustment to the mental and physical changes associated with their choices. This article provides an update on comprehensive evidence-driven care of women with hereditary breast and ovarian cancer. The aim of this review is to aid clinicians in identifying those at risk for hereditary cancer syndromes and provide practical advice on patient-centered medical and surgical risk management. Topics of discussion include enhanced surveillance, preventive medications, risk-reducing mastectomy and reconstruction, risk-reducing bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, fertility, sexuality, and menopausal management, with attention to the importance of psychological support. High-risk patients may benefit from a multidisciplinary team that provides realistic expectations with consistent messaging. The primary care provider must be aware of the special needs of these patients and the consequences of their risk management interventions.
Published by Elsevier Inc.