Influenza virus continually challenges both human and animal health. Moreover, influenza viruses are easy to mutate. In a certain degree, vaccines may not catch up with rapid mutant paces of viruses. Anti-influenza drugs NIs (neuraminidase inhibitors) are one of the best choices. Therefore, based on ADMET properties, eight optimal natural multi-targets NIs glycosides compounds (IC = 0.094-97.275 μM) are found from radix glycyrrhizae, flos sophorae, caulis spatholobi, radix astragali, radix glycyrrhizae, semen astragali complanati, and common fenugreek seed through network pharmacology, molecular docking, dynamics simulation, quantum chemistry, and in vitro experiment. Moreover, mechanism research illustrates these natural compounds treat influenza A virus through key targets TLR4, TNF, and IL6 (high fever, acute respiratory distress syndrome), MAPK1, and MAPK3 (MAPK signaling pathway, viral RNP export, and viral protein expression), IL1B (NOD-like receptor signaling pathway, suppressed maturation of pro-IL-1β and pro-IL-18), CASP3 (apoptosis), AKT1 (inhibited premature apoptosis), and EP300 (viral myocarditis, chemoattraction of monocytes and macrophages, T-cell activation antibody response).© 2023 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.